College Planning & Management

FEB 2013

College Planning & Management is the information resource for professionals serving the college and university market. Covering facilities, security, technology and business.

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5 PROFILE OF NEW BUILDINGS CURRENTLY UNDERWAY Building Type Median Size (Sq. Ft.) Median Cost ($000s) Low Quartile Median High Quartile Buildings in Sample Academic 70,000 $31,000 $282.35 $387.76 $576.45 56 Health-Related 95,000 $22,250 $215.91 $383.42 $465.12 33 Library 59,900 $30,000 $260.87 $321.57 $407.14 8 Office Performing COST PER SQ. FT. COST PER SQ. FT. 31,050 $14,702 $150.00 $193.83 $280.01 12 104,818 $39,452 $257.14 $340.79 $416.67 14 Physical Education 64,400 $22,250 $215.91 $344.62 $437.50 13 164,000 $25,096 $212.55 $245.16 $297.14 31 Science 99,468 $43,039 $306.67 $509.13 $690.91 29 Student Services 95,000 $27,953 $261.02 $293.81 $417.38 13 Technology 100,000 $30,000 $239.17 $465.75 $522.49 20 Vocational 95,000 $27,953 $175.81 $294.59 $410.38 13 Residence Halls To read this table: The median academic building among buildings completed in 2012 or to be completed in 2013 will contain 70,000 sq. ft. and will cost $31M. The median cost is $387.76 per sq. ft. One quarter of the academic buildings will cost $282.35 per sq. ft. or less; at the other end of the spectrum, one quarter will cost $576.45 per sq. ft. or more. This information was gathered from 56 projects whose main purpose was identified as "academic," essentially housing classrooms, offices, and instructional labs. 6 RETROFIT When Colleges Renovate a Building, Here Is the Work They Most Often Undertake* (% based on 616 projects) 1 HVAC 40.2% 2 Electric Overhaul 32.3% 3 Plumbing 27.6% 4 Lighting 27.3% 5 Flooring/Carpeting 25.7% 6 Fire Alarms 20.1% 7 ADA Compliance 19.0% 8 Fiber Optics/Cable 15.6% 9 Storage 14.5% 10 Security Equipment 12.9% 11 LANs 12.0% 12 Tile 12.0% 13 Lavatories 11.9% 14 WANs 11.9% 15 Controls 11.2% 16 Roofing 10.1% * Retroft undertaken in at least 10% of projects CR6 What Type of Building? Every college that plans and constructs a new building designs that building for its own specific needs and purposes. An academic building at one institution will have a different mix of classrooms, labs, and offices than one at another. Some colleges will put science labs in their academic buildings; others construct buildings strictly for science. Similarly, student unions run the gamut from simple gathering and foodservice areas to theaters, bowling alleys, fitness centers, and the like. Nevertheless, when a college says that it is building a science building, an academic building, a library, or performance arts building, there is a certain commonality of facilities that we all expect. That commonality allows some comparison from campus to campus in terms of cost and size. Table 5 provides information on 11 building types that were identified relatively frequently by college spokespersons this year. In each case it is assumed that the function that was named is the dominant one in the building, although other facilities may also be included. Information was available and gathered on 56 new academic buildings completed in 2012 or underway now. Among CP&M – 2013 ANNUAL COLLEGE CONSTRUCTION REPORT / FEBRUARY 2013 those, the median size was 70,000 sq. ft. and the median cost was $31,000,000. In terms of cost per square foot, the academic building right in the middle is being constructed for $387.76 per square foot. (The median for each variable was found independently. The 70,000-sq.-ft. academic building was not necessarily the one that cost $387.76 per sq. ft.) Looking at some of the other building types identified, the median among 33 health-related buildings was 95,000 sq. ft.; the median cost $22.25M, and the cost per square foot was $383.42. The median cost per square foot among 29 science buildings was about $509, making these the most expensive buildings to construct based on cost and size. The median science building was just less than 100,000 sq. ft. Office buildings cost the least ($193.83) to build and tended to be small (a median size of 31,000 sq. ft.) What's Being Renovated? With almost $1.3B spent in 2012 on renovation of existing buildings, it seemed useful to learn what kinds of work are most often undertaken in these projects (see Table 6). When renovation projects are started on a college campus, overhauling WWW.PLANNING 4EDUCATION.COM

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