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communicate to the public or interested parties the strategies being implemented and investment in the long-term sustainability of the structure and surrounding community. Outside of LEED, clients are pursuing other standards that incorporate similar goals but aren't as rigorous as the LEED process. In Minnesota we have completed a number of B3 buildings, which means they adhered to the Minnesota Building, Benchmarks & Beyond Projects for Sustainability requirements. These alternative standards help clients to set goals for building sustainability and attain some recognition for their efforts without having to adhere to the more stringent LEED standards. Local Materials Owners and operators want to use local materials in the design of their buildings when possible. By choosing local materi- als, they support the regional economy and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions generated through the extended shipping of materials. If this strategy is a part of a LEED project, then there are requirements for extraction, manufacture, and the distance between the project site and extraction/ harvest/recovery. Construction Waste Management A major part of most sustainable construction projects is waste management and the diverting of waste from landﬁlls. Usually these criteria are included as part of a LEED project and include goals of diverting a certain percentage of waste to recycling or reuse instead of to a landﬁll. During a LEED project, we arrange for separate dumpster containers for metal, wood, ﬁber, aggregate, gypsum, and general trash in an effort to sort as much recyclable product as possible. The percentage of waste diverted from landﬁlls is measured by weight, so weight tickets are collected for every dumpster a subcontractor picks up from the job site. Our extended project team works to ﬁnd local centers that accept and reuse the recycled waste, and oftentimes even sort through the general trash container for any additional products that can be recycled. Waste management diversion strategies are incorporated into all of our LEED projects. Most recently, programs were implemented to recycle or reuse 75 percent of the construction waste generated on the award-winning University of Minnesota Duluth Civil Engineering Building and Iowa State University Biorenewables Research Laboratory projects. Low-Emitting Materials All of the sustainable projects we have constructed in the last ﬁve years have had APRIL 2013 / COLLEGE PLANNING & MANAGEMENT 59