College Planning & Management is the information resource for professionals serving the college and university market. Covering facilities, security, technology and business.
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GREEN HAVEN modern safety protocol bans transoms by the door. "The result is oppressive, dark corridors," says Banks. Blinds or translucent panels prove a good compromise. "You don't want to overreact to events," he continues, and points to the 1970 Kent State University shootings as an example. "After that incident, the school created a campus that was basically a series of corridors where no group could gather. It was completely non-functional for education." A balance to the interior lighting problem can be found with controls. This intelligent technology senses the right amount of light needed or when someone is in the room. Lighting can also be integrated with access-control card systems. This program will recognize an occupant and light the way to his or her room. There is a catch, however. "Controls aren't perfect. They can be complicated and require a lot of fussy maintenance," 22 says Banks. Much like controlled outside lights, indoor lighting controls demand a thorough knowledge of the system and the ability to service it. Out With the Bad Air, In With the Good HVAC and building envelopes also present security/sustainability discord, but most commonly for sensitive government buildings. There may be places on campus, however — labs for instance — that demand the same protocols. In these cases, "security calls for windows to be sealed to prevent air contamination and physical intrusion while sustainability calls for operable windows," according to O'Neill's book. Fortunately his book presents a solution as well. "Primary air intakes installed high up on a building provide fresher air and also provide natural protection in the event COLLEGE PLANNING & MANAGEMENT / APRIL 2013 of an exterior chemical/biological attack," quotes O'Neill in his book. "As with lighting, both security and sustainability for HVAC can be maximized through the use of intelligent controls." Planting a Safe Landscape Landscaping is another area where sustainability and security intersect. Sustainability calls for minimal disruption to the environment and landscaping that cools and shades buildings. Security, on the other hand, demands landscaping that directs foot trafﬁc, does not block security cameras or visible access, and does not provide convenient hiding places for individuals with unsavory intent. O'Neill's book outlines three solutions to these problems. The ﬁ rst is variable grading, where the building's structure is designed to accommodate the natural contours of the land. "By erecting a building with the natural landscape, not only is the environment preserved, but hills can actually provide blast mitigation and prevent vehicles from being able to ram the building," he says. Vegetation can also be used strategically. "For example, high-canopy trees can shad the building without blocking sightlines," O'Neill writes. A timeless strategy is using plants with thorns to deter pedestrian intrusions. In the end, thoughtful design that is as wide-eyed about security as it is about sustainability will prove the most effective solution. "There is value to being thoughtful in the early stages of design. It's hard to address things like security once you are too deep into the project," says Ziebarth. "A sustainable approach to security takes the whole project into account, not just the cameras and locks." Hopefully experts will take the intersection of the two disciplines to heart. "We need evidence-based research in security so we can approach the topic rationally," says Banks. "I believe it is coming. I wouldn't be surprised if a LEED checklist in the future included security." CPM WWW.PLANNING 4EDUCATION.COM