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PHOTO © SHANNON O'CONNOR GREEN HAVEN I'LL BE WATCHING YOU. Daylighting is a key component of sustainable design, and expanses of windows offer beneﬁts in both the sustainability and security aspects of a facility. Take advantage of windows to provide opportunities to see and be seen. This includes opportunities to see from adjacent properties or the site perimeter onto the site, and possibly to see parking areas and buildings; opportunities to see from one part of the site to another; and opportunities to see parking, walkways, and other areas of the site from various locations inside the building. Lighting improves the ability to observe activity and identify individuals, and windows afford views from inside to outside and outside to inside. a white paper from a campus in Texas who has already proved their savings. So no more printing stickers; license plates becomes the stickers or cards. This also saves on manpower, as foot patrols are no longer needed. Also at choke points the cameras can be mounted high above and still read the plates, which means the police don't have to drive around the lots." Lighten Up Indoor lighting can be just as problematic as outdoor when it comes to balancing security and sustainability. Security demands that hallways be well-lit, even when the building is empty. According to O'Neill's book, "Safety codes vary from state to state, but there must be a minimum of lighting along egress pathways at all times." The book also states that certain buildings should limit their ground- and lower-ﬂoor windows to protect against illegal entry and provide blast protection. Daylighting, that big earner of LEED 20 COLLEGE PLANNING & MANAGEMENT / APRIL 2013 points, is a hallmark of the green movement. What better way to save energy than bringing sunlight indoors? It reduces energy costs, boosts morale, and creates a dynamic interior. And it's also at complete odds with security. Architects are ﬁnding ways to incorporate the two. "Ground-ﬂoor windows can be a bad idea if you need a hardened target," says Banks, "but the best security comes from lots of eyes on the street, and windows provide that." Jeff Ziebarth, AIA, LEED-AP, higher education global market leader, Perkins + Will, has his own take. "Buildings need to be transparent," he says. "Perhaps dorm buildings shouldn't have bedrooms on the bottom ﬂoor, but ground-ﬂoor windows in other buildings could actually enhance security because people can keep an eye on inappropriate activities." Schools want to foster an environment of inquiry and openness. Architecturally that translates to interior windows, but WWW.PLANNING 4EDUCATION.COM