College Planning & Management is the information resource for professionals serving the college and university market. Covering facilities, security, technology and business.
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Safety & Security PREPARE AND BE AWARE Green Haven Often at odds, security and sustainability must coexist on today's college campuses. Can you keep your buildings green and your people safe at the same time? BY AM Y MIL SHTEIN S USTAINABILITY IS SEXY. EVERYBODY LOVES the idea of creating a clean, green world and passing that world on to future generations. People recycle competitively, monitor energy usage dashboards, and approach LEED certiﬁcation with gusto. Security, on the other hand, is reactive. Most individuals don't really consider it until an event brings safety to the forefront. Yet both must co-exist on today's college campuses even though they may be at odds. That's right; security and sustainability often don't work and play well with each other. Components like interior and exterior lighting, HVAC, windows, and landscaping often demand different approaches. Luckily a number of compromises can be found. Light a Candle Against the Darkness Exterior lighting provides a perfect example. "With respect to security, the more outdoor lighting a building has the better," says Daniel O'Neill, senior ILLUSTRATION © BRIAN ISHAM vice president risk management, TSG Solutions, in the book Security Design for Sustainable Buildings and Campuses. Obviously criminals prefer the cover of darkness to hide their activities, so a secure location — such as a parking lot — is a well-lit one, without shadows or blind spots. Sustainability, however, demands that light pollution be limited and energy conserved. Can a compromise be found? "When it comes to outdoor light, bigger is not necessarily better," says Joseph Banks, project architect, Svigals + Partners. "Dim lights that brighten when tripped by a motion detector are 18 COLLEGE PLANNING & MANAGEMENT / APRIL 2013 actually safer because they avoid blind spots and alert security personnel that someone is presently in the lot." Motion sensors have their downside, though. Windblown tree branches and moving animals can accidentally activate the sensor. "An infrared trigger would ﬁ x that problem," says Banks. "But the system would have to be well tuned to work optimally." Another option is variable intensity LEDs. These take the ambient light into account and power up or down accordingly. "For instance, if the moon is shining brightly the lighting automatically dims," says O'Neill. "But when clouds cover the moon, the lights brighten." Smart Technology Cutting-edge innovations in video analytics may integrate sustainability and security. This technology can detect and track people and other objects of interest, like cars, while ignoring branches and animals. These smart cameras can also control lighting. "The price of this technology has come down signiﬁcantly," says O'Neill. "Ten years ago they were out of reach for most consumers, but today they are more affordable." Another way technology can help green a campus is with license plate recognition cameras. "They are saving universities a ton by reducing the implementation of expensive stickers which can cost some $200,000 per year on the deployment, [and] manpower to track and upgrade the parking stickers," says Eric Rittenhouse, Global Education Commercial Leader – Higher Education for Stanley Security Solutions. "The license plate recognition technology allows us to mount the cameras on campus police cars and review status of all cars parked on campus. I have WWW.PLANNING 4EDUCATION.COM